Picture of Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King was born on January 15th 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, to the family of Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King’s given name at birth was Michael King, and his father was also born Michael King, but, after a period of gradual transition on the elder King’s part, he changed both his and his son’s names in 1934. The senior King was inspired during a trip to Germany for that year’s meeting of the Baptist World Alliance (BWA). While visiting sites associated with reformation leader, Martin Luther, attendees also witnessed the rise of Nazism. The BWA conference issued a resolution condemning anti-Semitism, and the senior King gained deepened appreciation for the power of Luther’s protest. The elder King would later state that “Michael” was a mistake by the attending physician to his son’s birth and the younger King’s birth certificate was altered to read “Martin Luther King Jr.” in 1957. King’s parents were both African-American, and he also had Irish ancestry through his paternal great-grandfather.
King was a middle child, between older sister Christine King Farris and younger brother A.D. King. King sang with his church choir at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind and he enjoyed singing and music. His mother was an accomplished organist and choir leader who took him to various churches to sing, and he received attention for singing “I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus”. King later became a member of the junior choir in his church.
King said that his father regularly whipped him until he was 15; a neighbor reported hearing the elder King telling his son “he would make something of him even if he had to beat him to death.” King saw his father’s proud and fearless protests against segregation, such as King Sr. refusing to listen to a traffic policeman after being referred to as “boy,” or stalking out of a store with his son when being told by a shoe clerk that they would have to “move to the rear” of the store to be served.
When King was a child, he befriended a white boy whose father owned a business near his family’s home. When the boys were six, they started school: King had to attend a school for African Americans, and the other boy went to one for whites (public schools were among the facilities segregated by state law). King lost his friend because the child’s father no longer wanted the boys to play together king suffered from depression through much of his life. In his adolescent years, he initially felt resentment against whites At the age of 12 shortly after his maternal grandmother died, King blamed himself and jumped out of a second-story window, but survived.
King was initially skeptical of many of Christianity’s claims. At the age of 13, he denied the bodily resurrection of Jesus during Sunday school. From this point, he stated, “doubts began to spring forth unrelentingly.”However, he later concluded that the Bible has “many profound truths which one cannot escape” and decided to enter the seminary. He grew up ay Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School. He became known for his public-speaking ability and was part of the school’s debate team. When King was 13 years old, in 1942, he became the youngest assistant manager of a newspaper delivery station for the Atlanta Journal. During his junior year, he won first prize in an oratorical contest sponsored by the Negro Elks Club in Dublin, Georgia. On the ride home to Atlanta by bus, he and his teacher were ordered by the driver to stand so that white passengers could sit down. King initially refused but complied after his teacher told him that he would be breaking the law if he did not submit. During this incident, King said that he was “the angriest I have ever been in my life.An outstanding student, he skipped both the ninth and the twelfth grades of high school During King’s junior year in high school, Morehouse College—a respected historically black college—announced that it would accept any high school juniors who could pass its entrance exam. At that time, many students had abandoned further studies to enlist in World War II. Due to this, Morehouse was eager to fill its classrooms. At the age of 15, King passed the exam and entered Morehouse. The summer before his last year at Morehouse, in 1947, the 18-year-old King chose to enter the ministry. He had concluded that the church offered the most assuring way to answer “an inner urge to serve humanity.” King’s “inner urge” had begun developing, and he made peace with the Baptist Church, as he believed he would be a “rational” minister with sermons that were “a respectful force for ideas, even social protest. He was married to Coretta Scott and was blessed with four children Yolanda Denise King Martin Luther King III Dexter Scott King Bernice Albertine King. His well known and highly respected as a civil rights activist, during his lifetime he has led alot of campaign in support of the negro few of the campaign are listed below
Birmingham campaign, 1963
March on Washington, 1963
Chicago open housing movement, 1966
Poor People’s Campaign, 1968
I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.’
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today.
The above speech was delivered by him and that makes him well known
He was arrested in 1963 for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham.
He was assinated on 4 of April 1968 at aged 39…